Each year, the charity Save the Children reviews the education, health status, nutrition, economic well-being and political participation of women around the world. This years State of the Worlds Mothers report, focuses on the impact of nutrition in the first 1000 days of life and contains a Breastfeeding Policy Scorecard which looks at breastfeeding practices, policies, and support for 36 industrialized countries. Rankings are based on maternity leave laws, right to daily nursing breaks, percentage of hospitals that are baby friendly, state of policy support for the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes and breastfeeding practices.
Norway showed their success by ranking first with a score of 9.2. The report states, “Norway tops the Breastfeeding Policy Scorecard ranking. Norwegian mothers enjoy one of the most generous parental leave policies in the developed world. After giving birth, mothers can take up to 36 weeks off work with 100 percent of their pay, or they may opt for 46 weeks with 80 percent pay (or less if father shares the leave benefits). In addition, Norwegian law provides for up to 12 months of additional child care leave, which can be taken by both fathers and mothers. When they return to work, mothers have the right to nursing breaks as they need them. Nearly 80 percent of hospitals have been certified as “baby-friendly” and many provisions of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes have been enacted into law. Breastfeeding practices in Norway reflect this supportive environment: 99 percent of babies there are breastfed initially and 70 percent are breastfed exclusively at 3 months.”
To my surprise, the United States of America ranked last with a score of 4.2 (and Canada isn’t doing too much better in 31st place). The report states, “The United States ranks last on the Breastfeeding Policy Scorecard. It is the only economically advanced country – and one of just a handful of countries worldwide – where employers are not required to provide any paid maternity leave after a woman gives birth. There is also no paid parental leave required by U.S. law. Mothers may take breaks from work to nurse, but employers are not required to pay them for this time. Only 2 percent of hospitals in the United States have been certified as “Baby-Friendly” and none of the provisions of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes has been enacted into law. While 75 percent of American babies are initially breastfed, only 35 percent are being breastfed exclusively at 3 months.”
I thought it would be good to share these findings because there are millions (maybe even billions) of Muslims who live in these countries who are converts to Islam, immigrants or descendents of one of the two. Living in these type of societies definitely impacts our staggering breastfeeding rates as an Ummah and Insh’Allah, more countries promote breastfeeding by enacting laws that allow mothers to provide the best nourishment for their child(ren), overall benefitting society:)
Below is the full list of where the 36 countries placed on the Breastfeeding Policy Scorecard.
- Czech Republic
- New Zealand
- Slovak Republic
- United Kingdom
- United States