Indonesia is known for having the largest Muslim population in the world. However, despite the strong recommendations to breastfeed in Islam, there is a low prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding for newborns. Exclusive breastfeeding means that the baby only receives breastmilk and no additional food, water or formula. Generally, it is recommended to exclusive breastfeed for a minimum of 6 months. Recognizing the social and economic benefits of breastfeeding, the Indonesian government has recently implemented several new regulations to get more mothers to breastfeed their infants. Health Ministry Director-General for Nutrition and Maternal and Infant Health Slamet Riyadi Yuwono stated, “As soon as possible after delivery (with the exception of emergencies and special medical conditions), healthcare workers are required to help mothers initiate breast-feeding for at least one hour.” Issued on March 1, 2012, these laws require medical facilities and healthcare workers to promote breastfeeding to mothers and imposes tough rules on the use of infant formula for newborns. These regulations are a part of the 2009 Heath Law which stipulates that every child has the right to be exclusively breastfed for the first six months of life to achieve optimal growth. Non-compliant healthcare workers may receive administrative sanctions in the form of written warnings, verbal warnings, and/or license revocation. Also, formula cannot be offered, unless prescribed by a physician. All forms of advertising is prohibited, such as free samples, discounts and sales bonus compensation Currently, the Ministry of Health is discussing regulations to hold formula manufacturers and distributors accountable for violating the law, and not promoting exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of a newborn’s life. Please Follow my Blog by Email and Help Spread the Barakah of Breastfeeding!